主 题： The impact of education expansion on Urban wages' inequality
摘 要： The findings on education expansion and income inequality have important implications for policymakers to implement effective policies to reduce income inequality. This study attempts to explain how education expansion affects income inequality by education distribution and the rate of return to education. We decompose the effect of education expansion on wage gaps into price effect and structure effect. We compare the income inequality from 2002 to 2013 using the Chinese Household Income Project (CHIP) 2002 and CHIP2013 survey data and employ Firpo, Fortin and Lemieux (2007) decomposition method. Our findings suggest that income inequality increased in 2013 and that income inequality among the high-income groups increased even more significantly. The structure effect of education expansion on income inequality is negative; in other words, education expansion decreases income inequality by allowing a wide range of individuals to attend college. However, this effect is offset by the price effect, which is positive and much more significant in magnitude. These results indicate that education expansion has increased income inequality in China.
关于主讲人： 杨娟，北京师范大学经济与工商管理学院经济系教授、博士生导师。本科毕业于南开大学金融系（1998-2002），后留学英国在约克大学硕博连读，于2007年获经济学博士，在加拿大西安大略大学做博士后一年（2013-2014）。研究方向：教育经济学，劳动经济学等。主持过教育部人文社会科学青年基金项目(No.: 12YJC790230)、国家自然科学基金项目(No. : 71203014)、世界银行青年学者项目等课题，参与过国家社科基金重大项目等。论文在《财政研究》、《中国经济学前沿》、《中国经济评论》等期刊杂志发表。杨教授有《最优教育选择研究》（专著）等。